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ALL POSITIONSINSTITUTE OF
ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
INSTITUTE OF
EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY
INSTITUTE OF HUMAN BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTIONINSTITUTE OF
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
NON-REGULAR
STUDENTS

Time schedule Coordinator Group Location Paper Article Presenter Critiques Forum

Until now, the classes were held:
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Humans at high altitude: hypoxia and fetal growth
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Importance of plasticity and local adaptation for coping with changing salinity in coastal areas: a test case with barnacles in the Baltic Sea.
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Model Organisms in the Study of Development and Disease
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Politics meets Science: The case of neonicotinoid insecticides in Europe.
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału A view on drug resistance in cancer
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału From discoveries in ageing research to therapeutics for healthy ageing.
2020-02-27 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Wasp uses venom cocktail to manipulate the behavior of its cockroach prey
2020-03-05 Wojciech Magowski A1 The Study of Species in the Era of Biodiversity: A Tale of Stupidity.
Research policies ensuing from the Convention on Biological Diversity made huge funds available to study biodiversity. These were mostly dedicated to projects aimed at providing services to taxonomy via information and technology, or to develop "modern", i.e., molecular, approaches to taxonomy.
Trzópek Magdalena Maria, Łaniecki Ronald Fenrych Marianna Jadwiga-
Radwańska Anna Klara-
2020-03-05 Wojciech Magowski A1 New Species in the Old World: Europe as a Frontier in Biodiversity Exploration, a Test Bed for 21st Century Taxonomy
The number of described species on the planet is about 1.9 million, with ca. 17,000 new species described annually, mostly from the tropics. However, taxonomy is usually described as a science in crisis, lacking manpower and funding, a politically acknowledged problem known as the Taxonomic Impediment.
Szewczyk Magdalena Wiesława, Gostyńska Julia Sęk Oliwia Wiktoria-
Stawrakakis Krzysztof-
2020-03-05 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Electronic-Cigarette and Combustible Tobacco Cigarettes. How dangerous is the e-cigarette to vapers compared to smoking conventional tobacco cigarettes?
Dybciak Adam Czesław, Getya Liliya Panfil Weronika Sylwia-
2020-03-05 Robert Nawrot JC 1 L Aus der Apotheke der Natur
Proszę o kontakt ws terminu zajęć na maila rnawrot@amu.edu.pl
Buchali Angelika, Kaźmierczak Kinga Szcześniak Izabela Natalia-
Drążek Katarzyna-
2020-03-05 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Adaptation Strategies of Farm Animals to Water Shortage in Desert Areas.
Pluskota Mateusz Tomczak Julia-
2020-03-05 Marta Krenz-Niedbała JC 1 A1 Beyond food: The multiple pathways for inclusion of materials into ancient dental calculus.
Interest in human dental calculus (mineralized dental plaque) has increased sharply in the past few years. The majority of recent research has focused on the retrieval of plant microfossils embedded in its matrix and interpretation of these finds as largely the result of deliberate consumption of plant-derived food. However, dental calculus is in fact a "depositional environment" as material can enter the mouth from a range of sources, including non-dietary ones. The paper shows the human behaviors and activities besides eating that can generate a flux of particles into the human mouth, the broad range of additional cultural and environmental information that can be obtained through the analysis and contextualisation of this material, and the implications of the additional pathways by which material can become embedded in dental calculus.
2020-03-05 Iwona Melosik JC 2 Owalna Microplastic pollution, a threat to marine ecosystem and human health: a short review
Kozera Zofia Anna Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
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2020-03-05 Iwona Melosik JC 2 Owalna When will the Amazon hit a tipping point? https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00508-4
Konowalczyk Adam Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Michałek Patryk-
Kosiba Karolina-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
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2020-03-12 Z JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału 1. The Circadian Clock and Human Health 2. Light Me up? Why, When, and How Much Light We Need.
Giermakowski Kacper, Lurc Mikołaj, Panfil Weronika Sylwia Szczepańska Weronika Aniela-
2020-03-12 Marta Krenz-Niedbała JC 1 A1 The therapeutic role of long non-coding RNAs in human diseases: A focus on the recent insights into autophagy.
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to the development and progression of many human diseases. Autophagy is a key catabolic process which helps to maintain the cellular homeostasis through the decay of damaged or unwanted proteins and dysfunctional cytoplasmic organelles. The impairment of the autophagy process has been described in numerous diseases. LncRNAs have been shown to have a significant function in the regulation of important biological processes such as autophagy. The relationship between lncRNAs and autophagy has been shown to be involved in the progression and possibly in the prevention of many diseases. Here, recent findings on the regulatory roles of lncRNAs in the cell autophagy pathway, as well as their relevance to different diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cerebral ischemic stroke and cancer are highlighted.
2020-03-12 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Stem cells: past, present, and future.
Czak Sandra, Tomczak Julia Dybciak Adam Czesław-
2020-03-12 Iwona Melosik JC 2 Owalna Evidence for evolution in response to natural selectionin a contemporary human population
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kosiba Karolina-
Michałek Patryk-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
2020-03-19 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału Effects of Mental Fatigue on Brain Activity and Cognitive Performance: A Magnetoencephalography Study
Szczepańska Weronika Aniela Szablikowska Wiktoria Magdalena-
2020-03-19 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału The Effects of Moderate Physical Exercise on Adult Cognition: A Systematic Review
Dziki Marta, Mirek Justyna Wiktoria Stankowski Wojciech Szymon-
2020-03-19 Iwona Melosik JC 2 Owalna The dark side of light.
Michałek Patryk Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
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2020-03-19 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home Drought stress adaptation: metabolic adjustment and regulation of gene expression
Lichocki Mikołaj Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kosiba Karolina-
Michałek Patryk-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
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2020-03-19 Iwona Melosik JC 2 Owalna Adaptive changes in sexual signalling in response to urbanization
Błaszczyk Mateusz Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
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2020-03-26 Zbigniew Adamski JC 1 Sala Rady Wydziału 1. Effects of Neonicotinoid Pesticide Exposure on Human Health: A Systematic Review. 2. Alternatives to neonicotinoids.
Szablikowska Wiktoria Magdalena, Stankowski Wojciech Szymon Giermakowski Kacper-
Getya Liliya-
2020-03-26 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home How and why environmental noise impacts animals: an integrative, mechanistic review
Sikora Magdalena Maria Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
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2020-03-28 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home The impact of artificial light at night on nocturnal insects: A review and synthesis
Koszczoł Agnieszka Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
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2020-03-31 Wojciech Magowski VH Travelling through time and space on wings of beetles: A tripartite insect-fungi-nematode association
Here we report a previously undescribed symbiotic association involving spruce beetles, Dendroctonus rufipennis Kirby, several species of fungi, and a nematode, Ektaphelenchus obtusus Massey. The nematodes and fungi occur within special pocket-like structures, hereafter termed "nematangia", on the insects' hind wings
Fenrych Marianna Jadwiga, Jakubiak Paulina Trzópek Magdalena Maria-
Łaniecki Ronald-
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2020-04-02 Wojciech Magowski A1 Bacterial Protection of Beetle-Fungus Mutualism
Southern pine beetles, Dendroctonus frontalis, engage in a beneficial symbiosis with the fungus, Entomocorticium sp. A, which provides nourishment for their developing larvae. Adult beetles carry, Entomocorticium sp. A in a specialized storage compartment called a mycangium.
Stawrakakis Krzysztof, Sęk Oliwia Wiktoria Kowalczyk Cyprian Piotr-
Gostyńska Julia-
2020-04-05 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home MECHANISMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF SOMATIC MOSAICISM IN HUMANS
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Kosiba Karolina-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
2020-04-05 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home Effect of drought stress on anatomical structure and chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of sugarcane
Kubisiak Kamil Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kosiba Karolina-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Michałek Patryk-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
2020-04-06 Wojciech Magowski A1 Deciphering deuterostome phylogeny: molecular, morphological and palaeontological perspectives
Deuterostomes are a monophyletic group of animals that include the vertebrates, invertebrate chordates, ambulacrarians and xenoturbellids. Fossil representatives from most major deuterostome groups, including some phylum-level crown groups, are found in the Lower Cambrian, suggesting that evolutionary divergence occurred in the Late Precambrian, in agreement with some molecular clock estimates.
Lisiecki Mateusz Cezary, Zielińska Martyna Anna Szewczyk Magdalena Wiesława-
Jakubiak Paulina-
2020-04-08 Wojciech Magowski A1 The first metazoa living in permanently anoxic conditions
This is the first evidence of a metazoan life cycle that is spent entirely in permanently anoxic sediments. The discovery of these life forms opens new perspectives for the study of metazoan life in habitats lacking molecular oxygen.
Radwańska Anna Klara, Szymaniak Adam Zielińska Martyna Anna-
Kowalczyk Cyprian Piotr-
2020-04-09 Arnold Bernaciak 1) Circular Economy and its Limitations 2) The Sustainable Development Index: Measuring the Ecological Efficiency of Human Development in the Anthropocene
ad.1) Please focus on explaining the term circular economy, indicating the importance of circular economy for sustainable development and indicating its limitations. ad.2) Please explain what is HDI and SDI, what are differences between them and what are top 10 ranks of countries for both indexes.
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2020-04-09 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home Taking a tree?s perspective on forest fragmentation genetics
Kosiba Karolina Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
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2020-04-09 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home Genetic Adaptation in New York City Rats
Zwolenkiewicz Sara Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Kosiba Karolina-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
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2020-04-16 Arnold Bernaciak 1. Sustainable University: What Can be the Matter? 2. Tension in the Sustainability of Higher Education - the Case of Finnish Universities
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2020-04-16 Magdalena Kosińska Catch-up growth and catch-up fat in children born small for gestational age
Infants born small for gestational age are at increased risk of perinatal morbidity, persistent short stature and metabolic alterations in later life. Approximately 70%-90% of them show catch-up growth. In the presented report, the published literature and the currently popular research area of SGA were reviewed. I would like to create 5 groups and presentation of "groups" subjects [in accordance with rules provided by prof. M. Krenz] assigned to subsequent "reviewers", taking into account posted questions and issues. [Uprzejmie proszę o utworzenie 6 grup i przedstawienie "grupami" zagadnień z uwzględnieniem zamieszczonych pytań przypisanych kolejnym "reviewers".
2020-04-16 Iwona Melosik JC 2 Owalna A new coronavirus associated with human respiratory disease in China.
Kuncewicz Jakub Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kosiba Karolina-
Michałek Patryk-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
2020-04-18 Katarzyna A. Kaszycka e-learning Race and perception of human diversity: Five European case studies
Against the background of the results of surveys carried out previously on American, Polish, and European academics, we present new data on the perception of races among non-biological anthropologists. In five case studies, we surveyed respondents belonging to the academic community (of biologists and cultural anthropologists) and ordinary people from three European countries: Poland, Czech Republic and England. We suggest that the persistence of racial thinking about human diversity depends, to a large extent, on schooling and education, and certainly is a consequence of lack of academic and public discourse on race.
2020-04-19 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home The origin and early evolution of plants on land
Błaszczyk Mateusz Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Kosiba Karolina-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
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2020-04-23 Arnold Bernaciak 1. Venice: the Problem of Overtourism and the Impact of Cruises 2. Overtourism: Between the Right to Travel and Residents' Rights
ad.2) Please focus on the sections 3 and 4.
2020-04-23 Magdalena Kosińska Fetal programming
D. Barker first popularized the concept of fetal origins of adult disease. Since its inception, fetal programming has received considerable attention. According to this hypothesis number of organ structures and associated functions undergo programming during embryonic and fetal life, which determines the set point of physiological and metabolic responses that carry into adulthood. Stimulus at a period of intrauterine development can result in developmental adaptations (structural, physiological and metabolic changes). Presented article provides evidence linking cardiovascular, metabolic and endocrine diseases to fetal undernutrition, an overview of previous studies in this area and current advances in understanding the mechanism and the role of the placenta in fetal programming.
2020-04-23 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home Explainer: How CRISPR works https://www.sciencenewsforstudents.org/article/explainer-how-crispr-works
Kosiba Karolina Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Michałek Patryk-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
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2020-04-23 Iwona Melosik JC 2 at home Model organisms used in molecular biology or medical research
Kozera Zofia Anna Kuncewicz Jakub-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Michałek Patryk-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Błaszczyk Mateusz-
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2020-04-24
2020-04-30 Magdalena Kosińska Endocrine disorders and female infertility
Female infertility occurs in about 37% of all infertile couples and ovulatory disorders account for more than half of these. The ovaries are in continuous interaction with the other endocrine organs. Please pay attention to the endocrine causes of infertility and skip treatment information and clinical aproaches. Please divide into the 6 groups and present listed causes of infertility.
2020-04-30 Joanna Deckert JC 2 1. Plant Chromatin Catches the Sun 2. Plant and Animal Innate Immunity Complexes: Fighting Different Enemies with Similar Weapons
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena, Koszczoł Agnieszka Adamska Natalia-
Andrzejczak Sandra Natalia-
2020-05-07 Katarzyna Kaszycka JC 1 at home Incongruity between Affinity Patterns Based on Mandibular and Lower Dental Dimensions following the Transition to Agriculture in the Near East, Anatolia and Europe
How the dawn of farming ruined our teeth: Hunter-gatherers had almost no malocclusion and dental crowding, and the condition first became common among the world's earliest farmers some 12,000 years ago in Southwest Asia, according to findings published (04 Feb 2015) in the journal PLOS ONE.
Wilczyńska Kinga
2020-05-07 Joanna Deckert JC 2 1. Nobel Prizes for Research in Plant Science: Past, Present and Future 2. Peptide signal alerts plants to drought
Sikora Magdalena Maria, Michałek Patryk Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Kosiba Karolina-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
Kosiba Karolina-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
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2020-05-14 Katarzyna Kaszycka JC 1 at home Linear Enamel Hypoplasia and Age-at-Death at Medieval (11th-16th Centuries) St. Gregory's Priory and Cemetery, Canterbury, UK
http://www.justyna-miszkiewicz.com/uploads/4/1/4/2/4142992/miszkiewicz_2012.pdf
Andrzejczak Sandra Natalia
2020-05-14 Joanna Deckert JC 2 1. DNA Methylation: Toward Crop Disease Resistance Improment 2. A Return to the Wild: Root Exudates and Food Security
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna, Lichocki Mikołaj Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Michałek Patryk-
Kosiba Karolina-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
2020-05-16 Katarzyna A. Kaszycka e-learning Great Transitions: The Origin of Humans
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yjr0R0jgct4
2020-05-21 Katarzyna Kaszycka JC 1 at home Fluctuating Asymmetry and Stress in a Medieval Nubian Population
https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.proxy.lib.umich.edu/doi/epdf/10.1002/ajpa.20549
Gratkowska Marta Małgorzata
2020-05-21 Kokociński Mikołaj JC 1 e-learning Freshwater diatom transfer to clothing: Spatial and temporal influences on trace evidence in forensic reconstructions
Kowalczyk Cyprian Piotr
2020-05-21 Joanna Deckert JC 2 1. Similar and Yet Different: Oxigen Sensing in Animals and Plants 2. Drought Resistance by Engineering Plant Tissue-Specific Responses
Konowalczyk Adam, Kuncewicz Jakub Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Kubisiak Kamil-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Michałek Patryk-
Kosiba Karolina-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
2020-05-28 Kokociński Mikołaj JC 1 e-learning Drought impacts on the water quality of freshwater systems; review and integration
2020-05-28 Joanna Deckert JC 2 The Plant DNA Damage Response: Signaling Pathways Leading to Growth Inhibition and Putative Role in Response to Stress Conditions
Kubisiak Kamil Błaszczyk Mateusz-
Bigos Aleksandra Magdalena-
Konowalczyk Adam-
Koszczoł Agnieszka-
Kozera Zofia Anna-
Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
Kuncewicz Jakub-
Lichocki Mikołaj-
Sikora Magdalena Maria-
Michałek Patryk-
Kosiba Karolina-
Zwolenkiewicz Sara-
2020-06-02 Kokociński Mikołaj JC 1 Hot and toxic: Temperature regulates microcystin release from cyanobacteria
2020-06-04 Joanna Deckert JC 2 Flowering Plants in the Anthropocene: A Political Agenda
Zwolenkiewicz Sara Kozioł Justyna Zuzanna-
2020-06-13 Katarzyna A. Kaszycka e-learning Shedding new light on an old mystery: Early photographs of the Taung Child
2020-06-18 Maciej Nowak JC 1 Modeling potential tree belt functions in rural landscapes using a new GIS tool
The increasing human pressure on the environment requires effective protection activities. One way to stop the degradation of natural resources is the presence of woody vegetation networks, mainly linear in character, called linear woody features, greenways or tree belts. These objects, thanks to the many natural and economic functions they serve, enable the realization of sustainable development policy. To properly design a greenway network, the natural conditions and degree of environmental degradation in a given area must first be evaluated. Based on these data, it is possible to determine appropriate afforestation needs. To evaluate the ability of a given area to meet the requirements of greenway functions, we propose a new computer modeling system - a tree belt modeling (TBM). TBM defines the availability of tree belt functions in the planned network and is one of preparation stages in the design of an optimal greenway structure. In this work, to analyze the studied area potential, application of a cadastral dataset was proposed. Thanks to this approach, the obtained results may be related to specific plot borders, which is optimal for greenway construction. To automatize the process of analysis, the TBM was implemented into an ArcGIS toolbox. The result of using this toolbox is a tree belt functions geodatabase. This database contains information about the available functions in the analyzed lines that are potential sites for afforestation. This solution, both at the methodological and technological levels, may significantly increase the effectiveness of greenway planning and thus contribute to more effective activities for sustainable development.
Sęk Oliwia Wiktoria, Gostyńska Julia, Trzópek Magdalena Maria Łaniecki Ronald-
Szymaniak Adam-
2020-06-24 Maciej Nowak JC 1 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in environmental biology: A review
Acquiring information about the environment is a key step during each study in the field of environmental biology at different levels, from an individual, species to community and biome. However, obtaining information about the environment is frequently difficult due to, for example, the phenological timing, spatial distribution of a species or limited accessibility of particular area for the field survey. Moreover, remote sensing technology, which enables the observation of the Earth's surface and is currently very common in environmental research, has many limitations such as, insufficient spatial, spectral and temporal resolution, and a high cost of data acquisition. Since the 1990s, researchers are exploring the potential of different types of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for monitoring Earth's surface. The present study reviews recent scientific literature dealing with the use of UAV in environmental biology. Among numerous papers, short communications and conference abstracts we selected 110 original studies of how UAVs can be used in environmental biology and which organisms can be studied in this manner. Most of these studies concerned the use of UAV to measure the vegetation parameters such as crown height, volume, number of individuals (14) and to quantify the spatio-temporal dynamics of vegetation changes (12). UAVs were also frequently applied to count birds and mammals, especially those living in the water. Generally, the analytical part of the present study was divided into following chapters: (1) detecting, assessing and predicting threats on vegetation, (2) measuring the biophysical parameters of plants/vegetation, (3) quantifying the dynamics of changes in plants and habitats, (4) population and behaviour studies of animals. At the end, we also synthesised all the information showing, among others, the advances in environmental biology due to UAV application. Considering that 33% of studies found and included in this review was published in 2017 and 2018, it is expected that the number and variety of applications of UAVs in environmental biology will increase in the future.
Lisiecki Mateusz Cezary, Kowalczyk Cyprian Piotr Radwańska Anna Klara-
Zielińska Martyna Anna-
2020-06-25 Maciej Nowak JC 1 Lidar-Derived Tree Crown Parameters: Are They New Variables Explaining Local Birch (Betula sp.) Pollen Concentrations?
Birch trees are abundant in central and northern Europe and are dominant trees in broadleaved forests. Birches are pioneer trees that produce large quantities of allergenic pollen efficiently dispersed by wind. The pollen load level depends on the sizes and locations of pollen sources, which are important for pollen forecasting models; however, very limited work has been done on this topic in comparison to research on anthropogenic air pollutants. Therefore, we used highly accurate aerial laser scanning (Light Detection and Ranging?LiDAR) data to estimate the size and location of birch pollen sources in 3-dimensional space and to determine their influence on the pollen concentration in Poznań, Poland. LiDAR data were acquired in May 2012. LiDAR point clouds were clipped to birch individuals (mapped in 2012?2014 and in 2019), normalised, filtered, and individual tree crowns higher than 5 m were delineated. Then, the crown surface and volume were calculated and aggregated according to wind direction up to 2 km from the pollen trap. Consistent with LIDAR data, hourly airborne pollen measurements (performed using a Hirst-type, 7-day volumetric trap), wind speed and direction data were obtained in April 2012. We delineated 18,740 birch trees, with an average density of 14.9/0.01 km2, in the study area. The total birch crown surface in the 500?1500 m buffer from the pollen trap was significantly correlated with the pollen concentration aggregated by the wind direction (r = 0.728, p = 0.04). The individual tree crown delineation performed well (r2 ? 0.89), but overestimations were observed at high birch densities (> 30 trees/plot). We showed that trees outside forests substantially contribute to the total pollen pool. We suggest that including the vertical dimension and the trees outside the forest in pollen source maps have the potential to improve the quality of pollen forecasting models.
Jakubiak Paulina, Stawrakakis Krzysztof Fenrych Marianna Jadwiga-
Szewczyk Magdalena Wiesława-

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